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Issue 17

Analgesics

It's an old one but still very pertinent...

The Australian New Crops Newsletter Issue No 10, July 1998.

The editors of this newsletter have recently received an enquiry which sought to identify Australian native plants likely to have been used by the Australian aborigines for analgesic purposes. An initial search of a number of sources has identified the following species:

Acacia ancistrocarpa or Fitzroy wattle

Acacia auriculiformis or northern black wattle

Acacia cuthbertsonii or Cuthbertson's wattle

Acacia lysiphloia or turpentine bush

Acacia melanoxylon or blackwood; 

Alocasia macrorrhizos or cunjevoi; 

Alphitonia excelsa; Avicennia marina or white mangrove; 

Calophyllum inophyllum or beaty leaf; 

Calytrix exstipulata or turkey bush;

Canavalia rosea or beach bean; 

Capparis lasiantha or nipan; 

Capparis umbonata or northern wild orange; 

Cardiospermum halicacabum or balloon vine; 

Larissa lanceolata or konkerberry; Cleome viscose or tick-weed; 

Clerodendrum floribundum or lollybush; 

Codonocarpus cotinifolius or desert poplar; 

Crinum angustifolium or onion lily; 

Cymbopogon ambiguus or lemon-scented grass; 

Dendrocnide moroides or stinging tree; 

Dodonaea lanceolata var lanceolata or yellow hop-bush; 

Duboisia hopwoodii or pituri; 

Eremophila fraseri or turpentine bush; 

Eremophila freelingii or rock fuschia; bush 

Eremophila longifolia or weeping emu bush; 

Erythrophleum chlorostach ' ys or ironwood; 

Eucalyptus camaldulensis or river red gum; 

Eucalyptus globulus or blue gum;

Eucalyptus microtheca or coolabah; 

Eucalyptus minute or northern woollybutt; 

Eucalyptus tetrodonta or stringybark; 

Excoecaria parvifolia or gutta percha tree; 

Ficus opposite var indecora or sandpaper fig;  

Galactic varians or wild bean plant; 

Gyrocarpus americanus canus or stinkwood; 

Hakea arborescens or yellow hakea; 

Melaeuca argentea or silver cajuput or river paperback; 

Owenia reticulate or desert walnut; 

Pandanus spiralis or screw palm; 

Pittosporum phylliraeoides or native willow; 

Prostanthera striatiflora or jockey's cap; 

Santalum acuminatum or quandong or native peach; 

Santalum lanceolatum or black plum; 

Santalum spicatum or sandalwood; 

Strychnos vchnos lucida or strychnine tree; 

Tinospora smilacina or snake vine; 

Ventilago viminalis or supplejack.

The method of treatment and the preparation used varied widely. All these species have been claimed to have been used for some kind of analgesic treatment. We would be interested in any others, or any comments as to the accuracy of this list.