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Issue 8, Jul- Aug 1998

From the editor

The Artist for this cover: Paola Smith

The cover for this issue was painted by a young woman from the Glasshouse Mountain area of SE Queensland.

Paola Smith is a descendent of the Kalalli Tribe. She is an artist and an active member of the Nungeena Aboriginal Corporation for Womens' Business, which is situated at the base of Mt Beerwah.

This group is actively involved in revegetation of bushfoods on their property. I am delighted to say that her painting now hangs in my office.

For further information contact Nungeena, PO Box 249, Glasshouse Mountains Q 4528. Ph: 0754 969 766 or fax 0754 930 956.

In the centre of the painting is the outline of Mt Beerwah (Beerwandum). On the left side of the mountain you can see her swollen breast and her heavily pregnant belly, Beerwandum is the mother of many children.

This place is very sacred to women. The central circular dot represents a sacred meeting of a group of women seated by a campfire. Each woman is represented by. the U shape and beside them are the food carriers and digging sticks used to gather bushfoods to share by the fire. On the left is a tree strongly growing from the earth. This symbolises the birthing trees and the bushtucker trees surrounding Mt Beerwah. I have depicted the Burdekin Plum, the Blue Quandong and the Macadamia with the tree's branches encompassing Mt Beerwah. The handprints at the base of Mt Beerwah signify the imprints left behind by our ancestors still making imprints on our lives today. Mt Beerwah's tears flow from the many springs and streams which nourish the land of the Glasshouse Mountains. Below the handprints the white lines show the many springs which link the mountains with the water plants which grow in this region - like the Bullrush, Water ribbons and various water lilies. Below these are the tubers which feed the people. To the left are the witchetty grubs and the saw-dust paths which mark their whereabouts and show us which trees to look near.

I hope this painting and this story can be shared by all, for this painting speaks of a land that we all share, and its beauty speaks a universal language.

Many thanks to those who have helped produce this 8th issue: Vic Cherikoff, Rob Fletcher, Larry Geno, Brian King, Mum, Shelly Smith , Jan Tilden, John Wrench and, of course, the advertiseis and contributors.

LETTERS

Dear Editor,

You want a definition of a bushfood? Try this practical one: A bushfood is a marketing gimmick or cliche used to cash in on the notion that the product has some connection, however tenuous, to a primitive subsistence lifestyle and by inference a clean green image.

It says nothing about truth in advertising.

To the 'further information' section in the Sandalwood nut article (issue 7 1998).

A problem with using common names is that more than one species can share this name and real confusion can break out. A case in point is the blue quandong (Eleocarpus grandis) which (apart from an edible fruit and similiarly shaped pitted stone) shares almost nothing in common with the sweet quandong {Santalum acuminatum).While the case is not as bad for sandalwood which is used as a generic term for the Santalum genus (although there is false sandalwood, a myoponim species I think), there are many species within this genus that can be harvested for sandalwood.

The article refers to "resistant to white ant of the tropics". Many species of sandalwood inhabit S E Asia, the Indonesian archipelego and Pacific islands but Santalum spicatnm is endemic to southern Australia. Yes, it is harvested for a sandalwood product but its natural distrubtion is the lower half of WA and SA.

Santalum album is being grown in the Kimberleys of WA for sandalwood but Santalum spicatum is not a tropical species. I hope this clears up any possible confusion which may have been caused.

Ben Lethbridge

Dear Madam

Re: Letter to the editor

Recently, a letter to the editor published in Issue 6, March-April, 1998, on Plant Breeder's Rights (PBR) was drawn to our attention. The author of this letter has warned buyers to be careful when purchasing bushfood varieties protected by PBR as they may not be truly 'improved' varieties. This is a misconception about PBR which deserves clarification. PBR does not judge the 'merit' of the variety nor does it assess whether a variety is 'improved' or not. To be eligible for PBR, a variety must amongst other things be distinct from all other known varieties of the same species. Bushfoods are unique as, often, the species is not well known and may have never been commercialised. Consequently, it is often difficult to determine appropriate similar varieties for comparison. Generally, the variety should be compared to the described species and the population from which it originated. Moreover, uniformity and stability of the variety is also established before obtaining PBR. Improvement in qualitative characters like taste, scent, texture etc are subjective to personal reac- tions and are not included in the requirements for the grant of PBR. The purpose of PBR is to provide the opportunity for breeders to benefit from the commercialisation of their new varieties not to guarantee it.

Therefore, 'merit testing' is beyond the scope of PBR and it is up to the market to judge whether a variety is 'improved' or not. Accordingly, asking the buyers to boycott PBR protected varieties is totally inappropriate. In our understanding, all varieties irrespective of their PBR status, are usually evaluated in the market place with consumers deciding whether a variety suits their needs. We hope this clarifies the issues raised in the letter.

Further information regarding Plant Breeder's Rights is available in the article published in Australian Bushfoods Magazine, Issue 4, Oct-Nov 1997. Tanvir Hossain Examiner PBR Australia

Dear Editor,

I read with pleasure Larry Geno's article in the Mar-Apr '98 issue 'Buyer Beware'. It is clear to me that, at least in the cooler temperate regions, it is too early to be focusing on only a few genotypes of bushfood species. It is essential that growers continue to plant seedling stock of a wide genetic diversity.

My background in Agriculture and Environmental management and Cont'd seven years growing, propagating and researching bushfood plants in the SE region give my ideas credibility. Potential growers in the cooler temperate regions cannot necessarily rely on currently available selections to perform in the microclimates and local conditions that prevail. Current selections are all cutting grown stock, that is, I believe, inferior to seed grown stock due to fibrous rather than tap root development. Areas experiencing high winds and growers interested in longevity, sustainabilitv and hardiness are particularly disadvantaged by cutting grown stock.

It is still of great value to the industry and to all potential bushfood growers to include seedling stock in a large proportion of their plantings. This seedling stock should be selected from the most promising specimens that perform well in their district. Potential gains to the grower include very real probabilities of their coming up with a 'you beaut!' strain. Utilisation of selected cutting grown strains has its place in the industry and for those who have made selections of superior stock early. However, it is too early to suggest that the industry stick to the few selected by plant patentors so far.

Merryn Carey, B.Apps Sc. Agr, Grad Dip -Agric. Mapp Sc. Env Health-South Coast Flora.

Dear Sammy,

I have sent you the proceedings from the Quandong Industry Association's last conference. Your readers may find something of interest in them. Our next conference will be at Port Augusta at the end of August, early September 1999. I thought your comments about the quandong industry in your last editorial were about 50 years premature

DJ Matthews

Port Augusta

Notice of the next conference will appear in the magazine closer to the time.

Premature? Better to be too early. ..the ed

 

To: Dr Ken Dyer Convenor of the PIB working party Post Office Clarendon SA 5157

Dear Ken,

Re: Reforming the national structures of the bushfood industry The members of the committee of the Southern Bushfood Association (SB A) have had the opportunity of considering the paper you issued concerning the history of the developments in striving for a national structure for the bushfood industry. At its most recent meeting, the following resolutions were agreed to unanimously by the Committee.

1 SBA has a commitment to the formation of a peak structure(s) for the bushfood industry. It emphasises the principle that a Peak Industry Body (PIB) must be a truly representative body, directly representing the various bodies, including regional associations, that form the PIB.

2. SBA has a preference for there to be no reference to the Australian Native Bushfood Industry Council (ANBIC) and for there to be no attempt to modify ANBIC for the purpose of developing national structures.

3. SBA expresses thanks to Dr Dyer for his work to date and general support for the directions outlines in his paper

4. SBA indicates that there is need to further discuss the detail of the proposals and that SBA wishes to remain fully involved in these discussions, paraaiiariy involving the membership through the committee and reports by means of the Newsletter

5.. SBA requests Dr EHgf to facilitate a meeting of the regional associations (possibly by phone comedian) in order to discuss die next steps 6 SB A communicate these recommendations to the other associations and forward a copy to Dr Evans of Rural Industries Research and Development Corp (RIRDC). The committee of the Southern Bushfood Association is prepared to assist with payment of costs which might be associated with meetings/telephone conference which advance these discussions. Please let us know how we can be of assistance in taking the next step. Yours sincerely Gil Freeman, President, Southern Bushfood Association 13/10/98

cc: Southern Vales Bushfoods, Australian Rainforest Bushfood Industry Association, Queensland Bushfood Cooperative, Sapphire Coast Producers, Dr Donald Evans,

An Aboriginal Garden

handsBeth Gott

This article is based on the guide leaflet for the Aboriginal Trail at the Australian National Botanic Gardens. The trail is an interpretive walk focussing on plants used by the Australian Aborigines. The Aborigines have lived in Australia for at least 40,000 years, and in all those long generations the land provided them with everything they needed for a healthy life. They also learned to manage their country in such ways that its resources renewed themselves. How did they do this? To quote Edward Curr, an early settler, they 'tilled their ground and cultivated their pastures with fire'. By controlled burning, they kept the bush open and allowed the growth of new seedlings in the ash-bed. Aborigines in Arnhem Land still do this. Many Australian plants will re-grow quickly after a fire; indeed some plants such as the grass-tree (Xanthorrhoea spp.) flower more prolifically after fire. At least half of the food eaten by Aborigines came from plants, and it was the task of the women to collect them Just as we eat root vegetables, greens, fruits and seeds, so did the Aborigines. Fruits, seeds and greens were only available during their appropriate seasons, but roots could usually be dug up all the year round, because the earth acted as a natural storage cupboard. Important foods were replanted. The regular digging-over of the soil, and the thinning out of clumps by collection of plants, together with burning to provide fertiliser, is not very different from what we do in our own gardens, and the whole country was, in a way, an Aboriginal garden.

The particular plants which were eaten varied, of course, in different parts of Australia; in this guide it is only possible to mention a few of them. In Arnhem Land, north Queensland and the Kimberleys, there are many tropical trees which bear fruits and seeds, such as native figs (Ficus spp.), lilly-pillies (Acmena, Eugenia and Syzygium spp.) and Macadamia nuts. One fruit, the Green Plum (Buchanania obovata) is enormously rich in Vitamin C. \

True yams (Dioscorea spp.) were important root vegetables, although one of them, Dioscorea nut or Spike-rush, (Eleocharis dulcis). In central Australia, where water is scarce, the plants are spread thinly over the land. Here the Aborigines relied more on the se,eds of native grasses, and wattles such as Mulga (Acacia aneura), Wiry Wattle (Acacia coriacea), and even seed of the Coolabah tree (Eucalyptus microtheca).

There were also fruits of the various 'bush tomatoes' (Solanum spp.), Quandong or Native Peach (Santalum acuminatum), Native Plum (Santalum lanceolatum) and Desert Fig (Ficus platypoda). Roots included Desert Yam bulbifera, is called the 'cheeky yam', because it will make you sick unless it is grated up and thoroughly washed in water before it is used Another important root was the wild Water-chest - (Ipomoea costata), which can have a tuber the size of a man's head, and Nalgoo (Cyperns bulbosa) a sort of nut-grass, often called 'bush onion'.

In the southern parts of Australia, roots (applying that word to all underground plant parts), were the most important foods. Like the Maoris of New Zealand, the Australians used the long roots (rhizomes) of Bracken Fern, (Pteridium escalatum) from which they chewed or beat out a sticky starch. There are many native lilies with small tuberous roots which were collected for food.

Early Nancy (Wurmbea dioica), Chocolate Lily (Dichopogon strictus) and Milkmaids (Burchardia umbellata) for example. Murnong, or Yam-daisy (Microseris lanceolata) was a plentiful and favourite food.

Along the Murray-Darling river system, cumbungi or Bulrush (Typha spp.) provided much nourishment, as did Water Ribbons (Tnglochi procera), and Marsh Club-rush (Bolboschoenus medianus) which has hard walnut-sized tubers.

In south-western Australia roots were also the most important food, especially Warran Yam (Dioscorea hastifolia). Most southern fruits were small including those of the Heath Family (Epacridaceae) and Dillon Bush (Nitraria billardieri), which bears heavy crops of red fruits which were much liked. Plants were used for many other things besides food.

The long leaves of sedges, rushes and lilies were collected to make baskets and mats, and soaked and beaten to free the fibres to make string. The bark of trees made buckets, dishes and shields; River Red-gum bark was particularly good for making canoes, and old scarred 'canoe trees' can still be seen Some rice-flower shrubs (Pimelea spp ) have such strong fibres on the outside of the stem that they have been called 'bushman's bootlace' and were used by the Aborigines to make fine nets in which to collect Bogang Moths to eat.

Medicines also came from native mints (Mentha spp) which were remedies far coughs and colds, and the gum from gum-trees, which is rich in tannin, was used for burns.

A brief listing of some plants used for specific ailments: (most notabky by the arid interior peoples)

Coughs, colds, sore throats:

Acacia holosericea: Wattle. Infusion of roots

Eremophila freelingii: Limestone fuschia. Leaves used in a 'pillow'

Eremophila sturtii: Turpentine bush. Decoction of leaves used as wash

Eucalyptus camaldulensis: River red gum. Decoction of leaves or bark used as a wash

Meleleuca uncinata: Broom brush. Leaves chewed

Santalum spicatum: Sandalwood. Inner bark soaked to make cough medicine

Headache:

Chenopodium rhadinostachyum: Green crumbweed. Leaves soaked in water to lathe 1

Mentha australis: River mint. Crushed plant sniffed

Meleleuca aregentea: Paperbark. Decoction of young leaves used as wash

Skins problems/Antiseptics:

Chenopodium cristatum: Crested goosefoot. Poultice of leaves

Acacia tetragonophylla: Dead finish. Infusion of inner bark or ash from bark free wood

Pittosporum phillyraeoides: Butterbush. Decoction of fruits applied topically

Gardenia megasperma: Yerrdinin. Decoction of bark used as wash

Santalum lanceolatum: Plumbush. Leaves used for boils and sores

Cassia desolata: Wari Wari. Infusion of leafy branch used as a wash General Tonics

Acacia lysiphhia: Turpentine. Infusion used as wash or wet leaves and twigs burned for smoke treatment

Caltitris glaucophylla: White cypress pine. Leaves burned for smoke therapy

Capparis umbonata: Northern wild orange Bark and leaves boiled and used as a wash

Excoecaria parvilfolia: Gutta percha tree. Boiled bark used as wash

Collated by the editor Refs: Traditional Aboriginal Medicines. Aboriginal Communities of the NT Traditional Bush Medicines,. Aboriginal Communities of the NT

Australian Medicinal Plants. Lassak. E V & McCarthy, T.

rirdcResearch Update

'"Tlie Rural Industries Research and Development Corporation has funded research into a number of areas. In this regular column, we look at the the progress of the projects. RIRDC Marketing Research Grant update As readers of Bushfoods Magazine should be aware, BTSAust. is co-ordinating a research project, with Gil Freeman from the Southern Bushfood Network as co-investigator, titled 'Marketing the Bushfood Industry'. This project has had input from most Associations and Bushfoods Magazine in survey circulation and some coverage in die latter, with these updates Survey forms have been in circulation for some months and if anyone is still to return their completed forms there is time to add your voice to die study. In order to provide an update on progress so far I have prepared this short summary. The objectives of the project considered to date are as follows: * To determine the market's awareness and current perceptions of bushfoods to ascertain whether the image of bushfoods needs to be repositioned * To determine an industry strategy to align efforts in addressing the image change and future marketing directions. * To define the critical considerations which motivate commercial customers to use bushfoods. Research can be very complicated and therefore very expensive. There are a number of simple techniques that will deliver fairly reliable results. Quantitative research methods provide statistical data which can then be subjected to statistical testing and analysis, given that a representative sample was used. A carefully chosen scientific sample is studied as a mirror of the larger target group. In other words, by way of example, 50 people are chosen. If we choose them with an eye to good sampling methods, those 50 will closely represent everyone else who is included in the target audience.

This can be a bit trickier than it seems. You have surely seen the market research person with a clipboard standing in the mall asking people if they would like to take a survey. Would this be a good sample of the entire community? No. Not everyone goes to the mall. A great many people, including those who may not own a car, who live a long way from the mall and older people who don't leave home often, may rarely or never go to the mall. Mall shoppers may be inordinately young, or more or less affluent than the rest of the population. It would not be accurate to assume that mall shoppers represent the entire community. However, the researcher in the mall might get a very good picture of what the mall-shopping community is like. Problems of these types, complicated by geographical differences as well as socio-economic ones make bushfood research even more involved and costly in Australia. In order to gain as much useful information as was possible on a very limited budget, a qualitative approach was recommended by the consultant researchers, Dangar Research Group. DRG has a well established reputation in food industry research and offered the means to get the most 'bang for bucks' by using in-depth interviews of selected groups. Three groups were selected; consumers (described as influential, early adopters and innovative cooks) for data on retail products, chefs (the current mainstay of the industry and selected on the basis of influential chefs, grouped as either bushfood users or not) and manufacturers (more innovative, who could provide volume usage). The last group has yet to be researched but timelines have been reached and it is timely that some summation is completed and the industry informed before moving further forward. While much data has already been collected, the analysis and reporting of this stage will begin after a planned teleconference of Association representatives and the researchers. The intention of these discussions is to scale the emphasis of the interpretation of the results in the light of industry issues which the principle investigators may have overlooked. Additionally, survey forms are to be copied and distributed to Association executives as a means of keeping the industry abreast of developments to date. More surveys are to be circulated as well. Many of the points raised in early discussions with the consultant research company, Dangar Research Group, to scope the study provide an interesting insight into marketing issues which are worth considering by anyone in the bushfood industry. This includes growers, promoters, marketers and value-adders. To summarise these points, while it is apparent that bushfoods are now the basis of an established industry, it has reached something of a watershed in terms of achieving economically sustainable growth. There have been several issues and events of late which are having significant ramifications for the future of bushfoods. Among these, are the closure of three Red Ochre Grill restaurants and Riberries Restaurant. There is also the acquisition of Norco Co-op (unconfirmed but apparently) by an Italian dairy conglomerate and management shedding the Australiana range along with several other new projects in order to simplify operations, reduce cost commitments and improve the bottom line.

Reporting of the range deletion has been used by Neil Shoebridge of BRW as an example of the market's rejection of anything with native flavour. Shoebridge"s presentation at a conference in Townsville to a collection of manufacturers and flavour houses has given them a very poor opinion of bushfoods as a new direction in flavours. This one, ill-informed comment has severely and negatively impacted on our industry. It also adds to the general perception that bushfoods presented in the aforementioned restaurants were the cause of the demise of the businesses rather than poor management or other reasons. Similarly, many manufacturers considering the use of native ingredients in their lines are now adopting a wait and see approach.

New momentum is urgently required to protect current investments and to warrant ongoing research and expanded production. It is necessary, therefore, to devise an effective industry strategy to increase demand and build the still fledgling industry. Unfortunately, Australia has too small a domestic market to support even current levels of bushfood production without the contribution of mainstream manufacturers' usage of commercial volumes of selected species. Additionally, without volume markets, the lack of any economies of scale in production and distribution means high retail prices and a resistance to trial and re-purchase. In order to begin defining the terms of reference to address industry needs, two questions must be asked: Is it a primary objective to promote an Australian cuisine or is it to render an industry concerned with trading in native ingredients, commercially viable in a relatively short time9

(Both may be possible but should a priority be set due to available driving resources, human, cultural and financial"1) The second objective has been accepted as the primary one since an identifiably Australian cuisine based upon nativ e Australian ingredients which is widely accepted is unarguably, still many years away and the imperative is to grow the industry sooner rather than later. In considering the contributions to improving commercial viability, there are severa. potential issues which are hypothesised to affect uptake of native foods. These are namely:

* lack of 'visibility' in retail outlets, especially supermarkets

* limited familiarity, few recipes of use, little coverage in newspapers and magazines

* lack of confidence in use, unknown flavours, no taste cues, presumed hard to use

* image issues, eg. too touristy, gift focussed or niche, too downmarket and Australiana, too upmarket, trendy and gimmicky, irrelevant as everyday ingredients

* lack of association with an established cuisine ie Aborigines are not generally known for a sophisticated culinary technology

* the generally high cost of finished retail products

As such, there are two avenues open to the bushfood industry in terms of obtaining market input that mould assist in drawing up business marketing plans:

1 The first route would be to establish in more precise terms (amongst food service users and manufacturers).

* the degree of awareness and perceptions of bushfoods

* current incentives and inhibitors to using bushfoods

* alternative terminologies, positioning and image of bushfoods

* the profile of those with a positive disposition towards bushfoods

2. The second route would be to determine:

* consumer attitude to the concept of 'Australian flavours' derived from native Australian herbs, fruits and seeds etc

* consumer interest in the top 12 bushfoods in terms of raw ingredients and prepared products and in which form they would most likely trial these flavours

* the types of products which would make the bushfoods most accessible

* a profile of those customers with a positive disposition towards bushfoods

Whilst these are acknowledged "barriers", experience in the marketplace has shown that even for those positively disposed towards bushfoods. there is a reluctance to treat them as a priority relative to other marketing opportunities as they may not be wholly convinced of potential consumer demand.

This is further prejudiced by the limited success of all bushfoods in retail products, both boutique and mainstream. How many people, who now consider themselves a part of the bushfood industry, regularly consume a range of the products currently available?

Surely this could be considered to be an investment in the future as demand pushes supply. Is there a parallel with the animal liberationists' effective campaign in which they claimed the question should be asked as to why Europeans should be expected to eat kangaroo when we in Australia considered it as pet food or a pest only to be culled and wasted'?

Can we afford to leave the demand for our products to be left to the early adopters or should we personally contribute to ensure our own success? Another benefit of having industry members pulling the industry up by its bootstraps is that members can judge the quality of products on offer and provide valuable feedback.

There may even be opportunities for home based distribution networks which could accelerate the industry's growth in its developmental years.

Feel free to contact me by email, fax or phone. Another update on the results of the surveys and interviews will follow in the next issue of Bushfoods magazine. Vic Cherikoff vic@bushtucker.com.au/

Project #2 - Food Safety of Australian plant bushfoods

Ron Wills. Professor of Food Technology, University of Newcastle.

Dr Mervyn Hegarty and Dr Ehvyn Hegarty of Plantchem have commenced a 3-year project to:

* Identify endogenous anti-nutritive factors that may present a health hazard in the major plant species currently used in the bush food industry,

* Conduct laboratory investigations into the presence of the major potential hazards and

* Advise on a protocol for the safe selection and usage of bushfoods.

Since the project commencement date in Jan 1998, activities have concentrated on:

(a) searching for written information in public archives and data bases, and industry resource materials about potential safety issues that may be associated with bushfoods or related species, and

(b) initiating personal contact with experienced individuals and groups who may be able to assist with information regarding the safe use of commercial bushfoods.

This has also included recording any anecdotes of adverse reactions attributed to bushfoods which have been proposed for commercial use in the future. The researchers would welcome contributions, whether they be scientific or anecdotal, from any person in Australia on potential anti-nutritional hazards in bushfoods. Any such information should be directed to: Dr Elwyn Hegarty Phone/fax: (07) 3378 3530.

Study Incorporates Bushfoods

Report on Goulburn Study-from Cate Culley

We were funded by NHT to look at native vegetation options on salinity recharge areas. The area around Broadford is one of the largest contributors of salt to the Goulburn River system. As a result, any projects aimed at revegetating these areas are a priority.

These areas are generally REALLY marginal rocky hilltops with little or no topsoiL.not the ideal growing environment for anything. Nevertheless, we're still trying to find productive options for these areas. The grant was for one year to develop a feasibility study to determine 20 best bet options. The results of this study are being presented to us on the 17th of July, this year.

When I have these results I'll forward them up to you.

We have Melbourne University lecturers on the steering committee of the project as we are using some of their Honours students to trial some of the best bet options.

We also have Greening Australia, Southern Bushfood Association, local Community Salinity Coordinators, a local Koorie Education Officer, local agribusiness and shire reps, Monash Uni (Koorie Food researcher, Beth Gott) and DNRE reps.

The results of the feasibility study will be graded on a number of features of the plant; water use (and therefore recharge control), market opportunities and site suitability/ persistence. We will apply for more funds next year to continue the trials of the best bet options with the Universities.

I will keep you posted on results. Gate Culley, P.O. Box 100 Broadford 3658

Notes...

ocimumNative Basil

Ocimum americanum var.

An Australian native with the aniseed flavour of Thai Basil.

Classic Flavour Partners: Chives, Chillie, Garlic, Spring Onions, Tarragon, White Clove Pink Flowers, Coriander, Lime, Basil.

Classic Food Partners Salads, Tomatoes, Pesto, Potatoes, Pasta, Limes, Prawns, Seafood

Cooking

Add leaves just prior to serving to enjoy peak flavour

Use in Thai and Mediterranean dishes.

Landscape

Nice round compact habit. Prolific dark mauve flower display in wanner months.

Suits pots.

Cultivation Perennial herb to 35 on high x 55 cm wide. Prune off flower heads to promote more leaves.

Olympic Call

The Rural Market Development section of Queensland DPI has sent out a Sydney Olympic 2000 Contact Registration questionnaire to enable the selected caterers and sub-contractors to: Grace Lin Fax: 07 32213896 Readers also note the call for expressions of interest to be found on this page.

Expressions of Interest

A Bushfoods page on the Web.

Share costs of a professionally developed, placed and linked bushfoods page. Buyers, sellers, processors. Regularly updated, interactive and incorporating a substantial database. A Bushfoods Marketing Body (initial focus on the Olympics) An interim body to network, promote and market bushfoods to the Olympic caterers. Further Information from the magazine - Ph: 07 5494 3812 Fax: 07 5494 3506 email: bushfood@hotkey.net.au 38 Mountain View Rd, Maleny Q 4552

 

From the Editor

Letters

An Aboriginal Garden, Beth Gott

Research News, RIRDC Research updates

Notes, Native Basil

Olympic Call

Expressions of Interest

Broken Hill Project, Bushfoods out west

Bush Tucker Supply

National Body, Ken Dyer Reports

From the Groups, ARBIA. SBA& AQIA

Growing a Bushfood Enterprise, Vic Cherikoff

Good on you girls!

Suckers, Sex and Seedlings, Dr Barbara Randell

Commercialisation of New Crops, Rob Fletcher provokes some thought

Roo Backbone of Oz Cuisine?

Stingless Bees & Macadamia, Our mighy native pollinator

AQIA, Information sheets

From the Papers, News

Famous Palates, more name dropping

Backyard Bushfoods, Small is beautiful

Recipes

More News


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